International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review

About us
Contact us
Publication Ethics
Submit paper
Author's guide
Current Issues
Join Review Board

International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review

Vol. 2(7), pp. 152-159, August, 2014.

ISSN: 2360-7866

 DOI: 10.14662/IJARER2014.035


Full Length Research


Relationship Between SMASE-Trained Teachers’ Factors and Primary School Pupils’ Mathematics And Science Achievement in Murang’a County, Kenya


Michael W. Gachahi1, Gerald N. Kimani1, Boniface Ngaruiya2


1Maasai Mara University, P.O. Box 861 Narok, Kenya

2Department of Educational Communication and Technology, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya. Corresponding author’s email address: bngaruiya@uonbi.ac.ke


Accepted 4 August 2014



This study investigated the relationship between SMASE-trained teachers’ factors and pupils’ achievement in Mathematics and Science in primary schools in Murang’a County. Correlational research design was adopted in this study. Stratified random sampling was used to ensure that rural and urban schools in the County were represented. One hundred and nine teachers participated in the study. Four research instruments that included teachers’ questionnaire, a lesson observation guide and two achievement tests, one in Mathematics and the other in Science, were used in the study. Chi square and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used to test the null hypotheses (α =.05). The study found that SMASE-trained teachers’ gender, teaching experience and level of application of SMASE skills were not significantly related to students’ academic achievement.

Key words: SMASE skills, gender, teaching experience, level of application, classroom practices.




Current Issue: August 2014


Submit Paper


Join Review Board


Inter. J. Acad. Res. Educ. Rev.

  Vol. 2 No. 7

  Viewing options:

  • Reprint (PDF) (328k)

  Search Pubmed for articles by:


 Gachahi MW

 Ngaruiya B

  Other links:
  PubMed Citation
  Related articles in PubMed



Other Journals

International Journal of Economic and Business Management


International Journal  of Academic Research in Education and Review


Internation Journal of Academic Library and Information Science




International of Political Science and Development

© Academic Research Journals 2014/ Privacy Policy