Journal of Political Science and Development
International Journal of Political Science and Development
Vol. 4(6), pp. 187–192, July, 2016.
“The Theory of Political Resistance - A Review & Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s Approach”
Mr. Vishal Lahoo Kamble
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Dr. Ptangrao Kadam Arts & Commerce College, Pen. Dist-Raigad.( Maharashtra), India. E- Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 12 June 2016
The Resistance, woes of an individual can be made general and by raising a collective struggle movement it can be redressed. It means resistance is an in born tool humans have obtained. The reaction of resistance is made clear by biology. The ancient times in India, such theory of resistance was laid down, for the first time, by Gautama Buddha. Dr. Babasaheb Amdedkar, who was generally influenced by the philosophical thought of Gautama Buddha raised a movement against the established, traditional social system which had inflicted in justices on so called untouchable, down-trodden castes, for the purpose of getting them the human right and human values. His movement was of social and political nature, through which, he accepted the waddle way expected by Gautama Buddha and thus, put forth his theory of social and political resistance. In the modern times western thinkers also have Henry Thoreau’s expressed the concept of civil disobedience through the feeling of resistance. Tolstoy was another philosopher who professed philosophy of resistance through (insistence on truth) and non-co-operation. The modern times in India Sri. Aurobindo Ghosh, while putting forth his theory of spiritual or cultural nationalism and Lokmanya Tilak also professed his opinion regarding political resistance. M.K Gandhi’s was greatly influenced by Buddha, Jain, Christian and Hindu philosophies. As well, he had adopted concept of ‘Satyagraha’. Savarkar and Bhagat Singh took cudgels against British power. Mahatma Phule theory of social resistance consisted of opposition to domination of Brahmanism in Maharashtra. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar adopted the thoughts of Mahatma Phule whom a held as his teacher. As well, he was influenced by the thought of Gautama Buddha and Saint Kabir. He asked them to sacrifice the old, worm out traditional customs and made them aware about their human rights and self pride. His mission was to make the so-called shudhras or untouchable believe in their potential as human beings is give them new identity by way of casting off their inferiority complex and adherence to their conditions. He created new expectations, new goals and ideals in them and for accomplishment of all these, whatever he asked them to do can be included into his concept of resistance. This resistance had helped him in all his deeds and programmer’s right from Satyagraha of Mahad to the religious conversion & his began so many kinds of social movement in his life. Dr. Ambedkar adopted Buddha’s middle way, because he believed in its power to develop individuals and society from within. Therefore, he-made it a main basis of his theory of social and political resistance. It is associated with political theories of the subject of political science as political thought. So, it is vitally important to study ‘Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s theory of political Resistance’.
Keywords: Origin of Political Resistance, Civil disobedience, Peaceful war, Spiritual & Cultural Nationalism, Passive Civil disobedience, Armed revolutionaries, Religious Resistance, Social & Political Resistance, Peaceful Principles, Social Dictatorship, Theoretical Development, Society & Reconstruction of human rights, Middle Way.
Cite This Article As: Kamble VL (2016). “The Theory Of Political Resistance - A Review & Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s Approach”. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 4(6): 187-192