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International Journal of Political Science and Development

Vol. 4(2), pp. 4453, January, 2016. 

DOI: 10.14662/IJPSD2016.002

ISSN: 2360-784X



Research Paper



Changing Dynamics of Indo-Bhutan Relations: Implications for India


*Arif Hussain Malik*; Dr Nazir Ahmad Sheikh**


*Research Scholar, Department of Political Science, University of Kashmir, E mail: malikarifku@gmail.com

**Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Kashmir, E mail: dr_nazir@ymail.com


Accepted 25 March 2016



The importance of neighbours to the foreign policy perception of any state cannot be over emphasized. For, often, it has to take into consideration the foreign policy perceptions of other states and function within that structure. The smaller states surrounding India, are important factors in the preservation and development of its national interests. On the other hand by virtue of their geographical proximity to India’s borders they are strategically important to India’s security. In this context, the importance of India’s friendly relations with them is further highlighted because of India’s unfriendly relations with China and Pakistan. On the other hand, their historic and economic links provide common ties of interest which have formed the basis of friendly relations. Although, often, and paradoxically, these very links have proved to be source of friction –creating areas of tension. Moreover, these smaller states have become the battleground between strategic competitors because of their geostrategic location. Most of the above mentioned concerns also applied to Bhutan. Bhutan is a tiny landlocked country situated in a strategic location between two of the most powerful Asian nations-China and India. The most important implication of its location and the crucial factor influencing the formulation of its foreign policy is that a friendly or dependent Bhutan is, for strategic reasons, a necessity for both India and China. The evolving geopolitical environment in Bhutan is one of the most ponderous and crucial issues which needs immediate attention of the Indian policymakers. This paper is an endeavour which will systematically analyse the relationship between the two neighbours and highlight the complexities and changes in the relationship between two countries since 1949 and its prospects in future.

Key Terms: Foreign Policy, South Asia, Himalayas, India, Bhutan, Relations.


Cite This Article As: Malik AH, Sheikh NA (2016). Changing Dynamics of Indo-Bhutan Relations: Implications for India. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 4(2): 44-53






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