Journal of Political Science and Development
International Journal of Political Science and Development
Vol. 4(4), pp. 134–139, April, 2016.
United States Policy towards Horn of Africa Since 1991
Tegegne Edemealem Mekuriyaw
Debre Markos University, College of Social Sciences, Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Debre Markos. Email:email@example.com
Accepted 19 May 2016
This paper focused on analyzing the foreign policy of United States of America (USA) towards Horn of Africa since 1991.The paper argued that United States policy towards Horn of African states provides more emphasis for its national interest rather than for international laws and mutual benefit. The paper answered questions such as what are issues of concern for USA in the Horn of Africa since 1991? What is the foreign policy USA towards each Horn of African States? What are the implications for failure of the USA’s policy towards Horn of Africa? The paper used qualitative research approach. It employed only secondary sources of data. The USA’s policy towards Horn of Africa post 1991 focused on humanitarian aid, security, economic and etc. Particularly, after the 2001 terrorist attack USA provided big emphasis for terrorism. The USA revised its foreign policy towards Horn of Africa related with counter terrorism. The USA established strong relation with Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya to fight against terrorism. The presence of Al Shabaab in the Horn of Africa and its contact with Al Qaeda terrorist organization grows to be serious threat for USA. Therefore, combating Al Shabaab with the cooperation of Horn of Africa states became compulsory for USA.
Keywords: United States, Foreign policy, Horn of Africa, Security, Terrorism, Al Shabaab
Cite This Article As: Mekuriyaw TE (2016). United States Policy towards Horn of Africa Since 1991. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 4(4): 134-139