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International Journal of Political Science and Development

Vol. 3(9), pp. 386399, September, 2015.  

DOI: 10.14662/IJPSD2015.047

ISSN: 2360-784X



Research Paper



Ethnic Federalism: A Means for Managing or A Triggering Factor for Ethnic Conflicts in Ethiopia?


Muhabie Mekonnen Mengistu


Pan African University, Institute of Governance, Humanities and Social Sciences (PAUGHSS), Yaounde, Cameroon

Email address: muhabiemekonnen@yahoo.com


Accepted 14 September 2015



Being one of the most diverse nations in the world, Ethiopia is not an exception to be free from ethnic conflicts due to its weak political structures and mal-governance. The existing ethnic federal arrangement of EPRDF is devised with the aim to accommodate the interests of distinct ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Meanwhile, it is still subject to criticisms. Hence, this study questions whether the contemporary ethnic federalism in Ethiopia enables to manage ethnic conflicts or exacerbates them due to its theoretical and empirical applicability. The study is entirely based on secondary sources of data that were interpreted using a mix of interpretivism and constructivism to guide the qualitative method of research. The findings of the study revealed that ethnic federal model of Ethiopia, which solely or majorly formed on the basis of ethno-linguistic lines in most, but not all situations exacerbate and/or generate and transform ethnic conflicts from national into lower structural levels. Thus, a mixed federal system that guarantees ethnic groups self-governance with high inducements for integration and inter-ethnic collaboration is a suggestive solution to move federalism forward in Ethiopia.

Keywords: Ethnic Federalism, Ethnic Conflicts, Ethiopia, Triggering Factors, Management


Cite This Article As: Mengistu MM (2015). Ethnic Federalism: A Means for Managing or A Triggering Factor for Ethnic Conflicts in Ethiopia?. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 3(9): 386-399






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