International Journal of Political Science and Development

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International Journal of Political Science and Development

Vol. 3(5), pp. 212231, May, 2015.  

DOI: 10.14662/IJPSD2015.032

ISSN: 2360-784X



Research Paper



Policymaking Process in Korean National Assembly·


Ganga Bahadur Thapa (Ph D)


Professor of Politics Tribhuvan University and President of Center for Democracy and Conflict Analysis, Kathmandu. Email: thapa_gb@yahoo.com


Accepted 28 May 2015


· This article is part of a larger study titled “Korean Policymaking Process in Comparative Perspective” written while at Department of International Relations, University of Seoul (UOS) Korea from March-September 2014. This author especially grateful to Korea Foundation for Fellowship for Field Research. Prof. Hieyeon Keum, Department of International Relations UOS, Korea had been kind enough in extending his pertinent suggestions and thoughtful comments and support during the development of this study.




One of the main functions of parliament is to debate exhaustively over a policy. It is certainly the case that modern day parliaments do not only make laws and examine whatever the government is doing, but as the supreme legislative body they may operate throughout the political system. As Korea enjoys one of the world’s highest economic growth, progress has been much slower in institutionalizing the equally important principle of checks and balances, along with the legislative continuing to play a secondary role in the existing process of formulating, deliberating and implementing public policy to the fullest extent due to concentration of power in the hands of the president and the parliament to play, by and large, a perfunctory role. Yet the changing nature of political discourse and processes in Korea is such that the policymaking process is evolving and strengthening rapidly and parliament has also been playing its watchdog role. This paper discusses the Korean policymaking process from a general perspective.

KeyWords: Policymaking, Promulgation, Bills, Law, National Assembly, Korea, Authoritarian, Democracy, Civil Society, Speaker, President, Public Policy


Cite This Article As: Thapa GB(2015). Policymaking Process in Korean National Assembly. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 3(5): 212-231






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