Journal of Political Science and Development
International Journal of Political Science and Development
Vol. 3(6), pp. 251–258, June, 2015.
Johan Galtung’s Concept of Positive and Negative Peace in the Contemporary Ethiopia: an Appraisal
The author was a lecturer at Ambo University, Department of Political Science and International Relations. Currently, he is a PhD student at Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University.
Accepted 11 June 2015
optimistic socio-political and economic changes achieved in the
contemporary Ethiopia, seen in light of Galtung’s notions of peace, what
the country has been able to achieve partially so far is negative peace.
This is because intrastate latent and manifest violent conflicts are not
totally absent. Moreover, given the volatility and vulnerability of the
region and stalemate in its conflict with Eritrea and engagement in
Somalia, Ethiopia is subtly and indirectly at interstate war. The writer
argues, this does not only postpone the realization of positive peace,
but also makes it daunting, complex, and time taking endeavour thereof.
Hence, the vision for positive peace in Ethiopia should begin by
immediate end of intermittent small and large scale latent and manifest
direct violent conflicts and sustainable and comprehensive effort of
building harmonious and just society. Thus, the writer concludes, the
venture to end direct violence and bringing “absolute negative peace” in
the short term and bridging it with addressing structural and cultural
violence in the long run requires the uninterrupted furtherance of the
status quo relative negative peace. Moreover, besides avoiding lapse and
relapse to violent conflicts, the country needs to build and sustain
socio-economic and political values and institutions of positive peace.
Cite This Article As: Tilahun T (2015). Johan Galtung’s Concept of Positive and Negative Peace in the Contemporary Ethiopia: an Appraisal. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 3(6): 251-258