International Journal of Political Science and Development

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International Journal of Political Science and Development

Vol. 3(4), pp. 174182, April, 2015.  

DOI: 10.14662/IJPSD2015.026

ISSN: 2360-784X



Research Paper





Shimelis Kassa Kebede


Lecturer of Governance, Arbaminch University, Ethiopia. Contact: shimelsamu@yahoo.com,

Telephone: +251-910-80-56-33


Accepted 20 April 2015




The central objective of this study is to examine democratization process and evaluate the performance of good governance post 1991in Ethiopia. To this end qualitative methodology was employed to gather data from different secondary sources. Based up on the data the study revealed that Ethiopia was experienced various forms of state building. Pre 1991 centuries of oppressive autocratic regimes have contributed to deeply rooted undemocratic political culture and generally submissive behavior of citizens vis-a vis the state. But, post 1991 FDRE Constitution, espouses parliamentary federalism, contains a bill of rights guarantying freedom, equality and social justice. So that the coming of EPRDF in to power in the country is a land mark for country`s transition to democracy and good governance though the problem of good governance is very rampant in the country. When the EPRDF regime took power in 1991, different legal reforms which are essential for the realization of democracy and good governance have been undertaken. Some of the initial measures undertaken include the participation of political parties in the political discourse, decentralization and adoption of federalism and parliamentary system. The FDRE constitution further provides for the protection of different democratic rights such as the right to hold opinion, thoughts and freedom of assembly, public demonstration and the right to petition etc. But, in the country democratic institution and governance performance cannot reach reliable stage of development. There is a problem of implementation on the ground from the formal rhetoric provided in the constitution. For example in light of major variables of good governance such as legitimacy, accountability, transparency of government activities, rule of law as well as competency of government, the Ethiopian governance performance proved to be one of the low performing systems in the world.

Keywords: Democracy, Ethiopia, Good governance.


Cite This Article As: Kebede SK (2015). DEMOCRACY AND GOOD GOVERNANCE POST 1991 IN ETHIOPIA. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 3(4): 174-182






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