Journal of Political Science and Development
International Journal of Political Science and Development
Vol. 2(10), pp. 248 –257, November, 2014.
CONFLICT RESOLUTION RESPONSES OF IGAD AND AU TO THE SOMALIA CRISES
Memar Ayalew Demeke
Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Pan-African University, Institute of Governance, Humanities and Social Sciences (PAUGHSS), Cameroun.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Tel: +237-72989188
Accepted 22 November 2014
Somalia has been in a state of political and socio-economic crises since
the demise of the central government in 1991. What followed after the
collapse of the state was intensification of violent civil war among
various political players supported by external powers. The civil war
has invited the intervention of regional and international actors
seeking to restore peace and order in the country. In this regard, IGAD
and AU have played an important role in maintaining peace and security
in the Horn of Africa in general and in Somalia in particular. By and
large, it can be argued that they have been successful in mediating
various competing political groups operating in Somalia to end the
crises. In fact, their conflict resolution efforts failed at the
implementation and consolidation stages of conflict resolution. This
paper, therefore, attempts to describe and analyze the conflict
resolution responses of IGAD and AU in their effort to mitigate the
Somalia crises. It concludes that IGAD and AU have played a key role to
maintain peace and security in the Horn region generally and in Somalia
particularly. Therefore, their conflict resolution response should be
taken as a commendable achievement in building peace in Africa.
Cite This Article As: Memar AD (2014). CONFLICT RESOLUTION RESPONSES OF IGAD AND AU TO THE SOMALIA CRISES. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 2(10): 248-257