Journal of Political Science and Development
International Journal of Political Science and Development
Vol. 2(10), pp. 258 –265, November, 2014.
Post-Independence Constitutions in Africa: reflection on their roles in generating and promoting intra-state conflicts
Memar Ayalew Demeke
Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Pan-African University, Institute of Governance, Humanities and Social Sciences (PAUGHSS), Cameroun.
E-mail: email@example.com. Tel: +237-72989188
Accepted 22 November 2014
has experienced three generations of constitutions since independence.
These constitutions were mainly copied from former colonial powers. They
were also detached from African cultures, values and traditional
political institutions. In addition, ordinary citizens were not widely
participated in the making processes. As a result, the constitutions
lacked popular support and legitimacy; and became a centre of political
contradictions and causes for intra-state conflicts by dividing and
polarizing the society apart than consolidating peace and stability.
This paper presents the roles of post-independence constitutions in
generating and promoting intra-state conflicts in Africa from four
border perspectives: 1) by looking at the kind of state structure and
systems of government they introduced; 2) by looking at its nature and
constitutional making processes; 3) by looking at how they distributed
power and wealth among ethnic groups; and 4) by looking at the kind of
state-society relationships they established. Therefore, it concludes
that the imported post-independence constitutions should be amended or
changed in a way reflecting the cultures, values and traditional
political institutions of the African people to establish perpetual
peace, security and social harmony in the continent. Finally, this paper
relies on qualitative method of data analyses and the data are gathered
from secondary sources.
Cite This Article As: Memar AD (2014). Post-Independence Constitutions in Africa: reflection on their roles in generating and promoting Intra-State Conflicts. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 2(10): 258-265