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 International Journal of Political Science and Development
 

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International Journal of Political Science and Development

Vol. 2(6), pp. 140 146, June, 2014

DOI: 10.14662/IJPSD2014.030

 ISSN: 2360-784X

Full Length Research

LENIN'S GULAG

 

Richard Pipes

 

Harvard University. E-mail: RPIPES23@aol.com

 

Accepted 18 June 2014

 

Abstract

 

The main thesis of "Lenin's Gulag" is that the empire of concentration camps which Solzhenitsyn labeled the "Gulag Archipelago" was the work not of Joseph Stalin, to whom it is usually attributed, but of Lenin and Trotsky. The first camps were established as early as 1918, during the Civil War. They were gradually expanded until by the early 1920's they numbered in the hundreds. Initially in these camps "politicals" were treated better than other inmates, but with time, ordinary criminals were given authority over the "politicals." The article stresses the role of the camps established on the Solovetskii Islands once dominated by monasteries. The Nazis in the early 1920's closely observed Soviet concentration camp practices with the intention of emulating them once they came to power.

Keywords: Gulag; concentration camps; lawlessness; Cheka; Lenin; Trotsky.



 

 



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