Journal of Political Science and Development
International Journal of Political Science and Development
Vol. 2(11), pp. 266–287, December, 2014.
The New Institutional Approach to Understanding Good Governance in Tanzania
Boniface E.S. Mgonja
Dr. Mgonja (Fax 780-492-2586; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) is an International Trainer, Researcher and Consultant in Governance, Policy and Institutions; Adjunct Professor of Political Science, University of Alberta, Canada and Associate Faculty for the City University of Seattle, Edmonton Campus, Canada.
Accepted 17 December 2014
This paper investigates and reflects on the relationship between
governance and institutions. Very specifically, the paper explores
different theoretical and empirical debates about governance in general
and good governance in particular in local political settings. Drawing
upon “new institutionalism”, the paper offers a satisfactory analytical
framework for understanding the ability of the institutions of
governance in Tanzania, from their inception through their development
over time, to meet the needs of the local community. This analysis links
the present state of institutional arrangements, the originating context
or set of circumstances behind the creation of that institution, and the
sequence of connecting events—institutional path dependence. I have
indicated in this paper that studying local governance in Tanzania
brings strongly into focus the nature of the relationship between
institutions and the quality of service provision at the local level.
This analytical approach not only helps to provide objectives and
meaning for governance, but also offers a path to understanding the
fundamental shortcomings of the institutions of governance in Tanzania.
The paper concludes by arguing that, the problems of governance in
Tanzania and likely in other developing countries is not a lack of sound
development policies, but rather the institutional mechanisms necessary
to translate those policies into desirable results.
Cite This Article As: Mgonja BES (2014). The New Institutional Approach to Understanding Good Governance in Tanzania. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 2(11): 266-287