International Journal of English Literature and Culture

International Journal of English Literature and Culture

Vol. 4(7), pp. 126-131, August, 2016

 ISSN: 2360-7831

DOI: 10.14662/IJELC2016.058


Review paper


Fears, Defenses, And Related Core Issues Of Santiago, A Major Character In Paulo Coelho’s Novel ‘The Alchemist': A Psychoanalytic Study


Muhammad Hassan Khoso and Sayed Razak Amin Shah


Institute of English Language and Literature, University of Sindh, Jamshoro.

E-mail: khosomuhammadhassan@gmail.com


Accepted 20 August 2016



The purpose of this study was to illustrate fears, defenses and core issues of Santiago, a major character in Paulo Coelho’s novel “The Alchemist”, the world best-seller novel. The novel consists of two parts. The character analysis of Santiago was made only on the behalf of the first part of the novel. The character analysis was made in the light of Sigmund Freud’s theory of Psychoanalysis. The main aim of analyzing Santiago’s character was to know that how fears of intimacy, abandonment, betrayal and low self-esteem worked as defenses as well as became the core issues for him. His intimacy with parents, sheep and the girl was main reason of fears. Thus, the first part of the novel revolves around the Santiago’s love affair with the merchant’s daughter and his dilemma to coup up with these issues. While applying the Freudian psychoanalytic theory on the character analysis of Santiago, it was explicit that the repressed painful experiences remained repressed unless they were activated via obsession but they never could be eliminated. The researcher had used the descriptive method to analyze this data and had followed APA style.

Key Terms: Fears, defenses, psychoanalysis, and obsession


Cite This Article As: Khoso MH, Shah SRA (2016). Fears, Defenses, And Related Core Issues Of Santiago, A Major Character In Paulo Coelho’s Novel ‘The Alchemist': A Psychoanalytic Study. Inter. J. Eng. Lit. Cult. 4(7): 126-131



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Inter. J. English Lit. Cult.

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