International Journal of English Literature and Culture

International Journal of English Literature and Culture

Vol. 4(4), pp. 73-75, April, 2016

 ISSN: 2360-7831

DOI: 10.14662/IJELC2016.036


Review paper


A Woman First and Foremost: Fatima Mernissi’s Dreams of Trespass


1G.Sankar and 2Neha Jain Karim


1Assistant Professor,  Department of English, SVS College of Engineering Ciombatore-Tamilnadu, India -641032.

E-mail: vijaya.sankar028@gmail.com

2Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Delhi, Delhi-India. E-mail: nehajain84@gmail.com


Accepted 30 May 2016



In reading Dreams of Trespass through the lens of Simone De Beauvoir, the reader can interpret the “transitional” generation of women’s recognition of their own powerlessness as their recognition of womanhood: they are forced to be women first and foremost, as opposed to being individuals first, a luxury reserved for men. The novel illustrates the radical change in Moroccan culture through three generations of women in a harem: the traditionalist older generation, the modern generation of children, and the aforementioned “transitional” generation of women, who are aware of their low status as women, but are still unable to break out of the constraints of tradition, even though they do not benefit from it. The latter generation, exhibited with the characters such as the narrators’ mother, Aunt Habiba, and Chama, have to be continuously conscious of their womanhood, and by proxy powerlessness, however they cannot escape their position, which allows only for liberation through freedom of thought.

Key words: Simone De Beauvoir, Fatima Mernissi, marginalization, Islamic feminism, feminism, bildungsroman.

Cite This Article As: Sankar G, Karim NJ (2016). A Woman First and Foremost: Fatima Mernissi’s Dreams of Trespass. Inter. J. Eng. Lit. Cult. 4(4): 73-75



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