International Journal of English Literature and Culture

International Journal of English Literature and Culture

Vol. 3(2), pp. 60-63,  February, 2015

 ISSN: 2360-7831

DOI: 10.14662/IJELC2015.006

Review Paper

Revisiting Vygotsky's Concept of Zone of Proximal Development: Towards a Stage of Proximity


1Mehdi Shokouhi and 2Nima Shakouri


1Department of English, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran

2Roudbar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudbar, Iran

2Corresponding Author’s Email: shakouri.ni@gmail.com


Accepted 7 February 2015




Without a doubt, the contribution of Mozart's psychology, Lev S. Vygotsky, is an undeniable fact to the field of developmental psychology. One of the most significant issues put forward by Vygotsky is the notion of ZPD (Zone of Proximal Development) which is the distance between one’s actual and potential level of development. Due to the academic popularity and attribution of the ZPD concept to Vygotsky, recent discussions and contributions, either rival or complementary, seem to be marginalized. To this effect, the present paper starts with a description of the notion of ZPD and then moves to consider other contributions such as IDZ put forward by Mercer and ZFM and ZPA put forward by Valsiner. Finally, the current paper argues that the notion of ZPD is an ever-growing and developing concept thanks initially to the genius inspiration of Lev S. Vygotsky.

Keywords: Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), Zone of Free Movement (ZFM), Zone of Prompted Action (ZPA), Intermental Development Zone (IDZ)


Cite This Article As: Shokouhi M, Shakouri N (2015). Revisiting Vygotsky's Concept of Zone of Proximal Development: Towards a Stage of Proximity. J. Eng. Lit. Cult. 3(2): 60-63.




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