International Journal of English Literature and Culture

International Journal of English Literature and Culture

Vol. 3(2), pp. 27-36,  February, 2015

 ISSN: 2360-7831

DOI: 10.14662/IJELC2015.001

Review Paper

A Blended Method for Analyzing Child Abuse in Literature (BMACAL)


Dr. Maysam Bahaa Saleh


Lecturer at English Language and Literature Department/College of Arts/ Al-Mustansiriyah University

Baghdad/ Iraq. Email: maysaleh1978@yahoo.com.  Phone: 0060106638646


Accepted 30 January 2015



In literature in general and children’s literature in particular various themes have been examined in connection with violence such as abuse and bullying. The need to analyse such themes and the characters connected with, besides to examine the effects of abuse on their personalities and behaviours, have inspired the researcher to blend Jung’s archetypal theory with the sociological and psychological classifications of abuse with its types and effects to analyze the characters’ personality and behaviour in the literary text. The aim of the study is to open up a trend towards adapting the psychological and the sociological studies in literature by using Olweus’s Bullying Circle and adapting the types and negative effects of abuse with the positive effects of individuation to examine the heroes and antiheroes in literature who have been depicted as victims of abuse and how was the influence of this abuse on their behaviours and personalities. It is expected that the BMACAL (Blended Method for Analysing Child Abuse in Literature) can be applied to analyse any literary text whether novels, short stories or plays that tackle the abuse and bullying problem by analysing deeply the conscious and the unconscious of the characters.

Keywords: Child abuse, bullying, mobbing, literature, children’s literature, Archetypal theory


Cite This Article As:  Saleh MB (2015). A Blended Method for Analyzing Child Abuse in Literature (BMACAL). Inter. J. Eng. Lit. Cult. 3(2): 27-36.



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