International Journal of English Literature and Culture

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International Journal of English Literature and Culture

Vol. 2(7), pp. 104-108, July, 2014

 ISSN: 2360-7831

DOI: 10.14662/IJELC2014.011



Re Reading Namboodiri Ideology: An analysis of Devaki Nilayamgode’s Antharjanam


Chirekkekaran Mary George


Department of English, Mercy College, Palakkad, Kerala, India. E-mail: mayreegeorge@gmail.com


Accepted 3 July 2014



India is a country which is deeply rooted in Caste system. Majority of the people are followers of Hinduism. Though India claims of the concept of ‘Unity in diversity’, the disparity that divides each caste into multifarious categories is very much part of the country espacially in Kerala, the southernmost state of India. Antharjanam is a work written by an upper caste Hindu woman who belongs to the caste called ‘Namboodiri’. The work is a documentation of Namboodiri culture, claims Devaki Nilayamgode, who does so for the upcoming generations of Kerala. This paper “Re Reading Namboodiri Ideology: An analysis of Devaki Nilayamgode’s Antharjanam” attempts at an analysis of Devaki Nilayamgode’s Antharjanam using “Althusser’s Ideology and Ideological State Apparatus”. Ideology is the conviction that what people accept as being natural is in fact an illusory reality constructed in order to mask the real structures of power that exists in a society. The argument of the paper is that Nilayamgode tactfully plays the role of an Agency and wants to maintain for the Namboodiris a significant position in society which she feels that her caste has lost. Sensing that the aura of superiority their class of people enjoyed has slowly begun to lose its significance in the present scenario, the need to preserve her culture as the ultimate becomes quite pressing. In short the paper aims at presenting the idea that Antharjanam is a conscious, deliberate and compulsive sketching of the Namboodiri culture as privileged.

Keywords: Kerala, class structure, class consciousness, ideology, culture, privileged




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  Vol. 2 No. 7

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