Journal of Economic and Business Management
International Journal of Economic and Business Management
Vol. 4(2), pp. 21-39, July, 2016.
Full Length Research
Is International Donor Good Intention Harmful? The Impact of Humanitarian Assistance During Civil Conflict
Ehizuelen Michael Mitchell Omoruyi
Institute of African Studies, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China.
Accepted 10 March 2016
assistance is intended to ameliorate the human costs of war by providing
relief to vulnerable populations. Yet, the introduction of aid resources
into conflict zones may influence subsequent violence patterns and
expose intended recipients to new risks. Herein, the study investigates
the potential negative externalities associated with humanitarian aid.
The survey argues that aid can create incentives for armed actors to
intentionally target civilians for violence. Aid incentivizes rebel
violence by providing opportunities for looting and presenting
challenges to rebel authority. It potentially incentivizes state
violence where it augments rebel capabilities or provides rebels a
resource base. The study evaluates both arguments using spatially
disaggregated data on aid and conflict violence for a sample of nearly
two-dozen post-Cold War African countries. The results of multiple
statistical analyses provide strong support for the argument that
humanitarian aid is associated with increased rebel violence but less
support for the relationship between aid and state violence.
Cite This Article As: Omoruyi EMM (2016). Is International Donor Good Intention Harmful? The Impact of Humanitarian Assistance During Civil Conflict. Inter. J. Econ. Bus. Manage. 4(2): 21-39