Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review
International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review
Vol. 5(1), pp. 1-14. January, 2017.
Full Length Research
Difference in academic performance of economics students in public and private senior high schools within Cape Coast Metropolis in Ghana
Chei Bukari1, & Amenuku Mary Abra1
1Department of Business and Social Science Education, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Corresponding author: Chei Bukari DBSAE Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 31 January 2017
The purpose of this
study was to determine the difference in students’ academic performance
in Economics between public and private senior high schools of the Cape
Coast Metropolis. It was also aimed at examining the inherent conditions
accounting for variations in students’ academic performance in
economics. The research focused on factors such as teacher motivation,
availability and usage of teaching and learning resources, academic
facilities. A descriptive design was used to explore the issue in the
study. Questionnaire and the WASSCE results of students from 2010 to
2014 were used as instruments for the data collection. A cluster and
simple random sampling techniques were used to select 8 schools and a
simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents.
With the total sample of 400 Economics students and 48 economics
teachers, the study found that senior school students in public schools
performed better in Economics than those in the private schools. Again,
the independent samples t-test result revealed that at 0.05 level of
significance, in all the years (from 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014),
there was a statistically significant difference in the mean performance
of students in economics between public SHS private SHS. Public SHS have
large libraries conducive for learning with modern recommended economics
textbooks and large dining halls compared to their private counterparts.
Teachers in the public SHS are more extrinsically motivated than those
in the private schools. Teaching and learning resources such as radio
tapes, projectors, etc. are barely used in both public and private S.H.S.
This Article As:
Bukari, C., & Amenuku, A .M (2017). Difference in academic performance
of economics students in public and private senior high schools within
Cape Coast Metropolis in Ghana. Inter. J. Acad. Res. Educ. Rev. 5(1):