International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review

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International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review

 Vol. 2(2), pp. 32-48, February, 2014

ISSN: 2360-7866

DOI: 10.14662/IJARER2013.014


Full Length Research Paper


The In-In-Out Programme of Teacher Education in Ghana: The Perception of Implementers


*1Amadu Musah Abudu and 2Anthony Kudjo Donkor


1Department of Health Science Education, Faculty of Education, University For Development Studies, P. O. Box TL1350, Tamale, Ghana.

2Faculty of Education, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box 1350, Tamale, Ghana.

*1Corresponding Author’s Email Address: amabudu2012@gmail.com.  Tel No: 0208293546


Accepted 26 February 2014



The purpose of the study was to evaluate the implementation of the In-In-Out programme of teacher education in Ghana. A sample size of 582 was selected using stratified sampling. Data were collected through the use of questionnaires, interviews and observation. The study was descriptive survey, which was targeted at finding out implementers’ perception of the success of the programme. Research questions were formulated to guide the study. The responses to the research questions were analysed using percentages and mean of means. The study revealed that the reasons that respondents gave for the introduction of the In-In-out programme were consistent with GES/TED (1998). The general level of importance placed on the objectives and activities was high. Further, there is no great difference amongst the implementers’ agreement to each objective and activity. The implementation was found to be hindered by non-availability and/or inadequacy of instructional materials and insufficiency of time allotted to the professional training aspect of the Programme. It was, therefore, recommended that intensive training of all implementers and trial testing of the materials should be done systematically before implementation of the programme. Also, link tutors and mentors should be given incentives to motivate them to carry out effective supervision.

Key words: In-In-Out programme, teacher education, mentee, mentor, link tutor.




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