International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review

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International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review

Vol. 1(2), pp. 2937, October, 2013

ISSN: 2360-7866

DOI: 10.14662/IJARER2013.006



Full Length Research Paper

Students’ perspective on female dropouts in Nigeria


*1Ahmad Kainuwa and Najeemah Binti Mohammad Yusuf


*1School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia. E-mail: ahmadkainuwa@yahoo.com 


School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia. E-mail: najineen@usm.my


Accepted 23 September, 2013




Education of the female children has become a universal issue for African nations hence the need for striving to achieve a balance between the enrollment and retention rates of their male counterparts. Although there are many reasons for female children dropping out of school as given in various studies on the subject, this paper tries to explore the reasons from the students’ perspective. The goal of the paper was to find out why a significant percentage of female students drop out of the Nigerian school system every year. The findings in this paper are drawn from a research study on female students’ dropouts in Nigeria based on the data collected from junior secondary schools of Shinkafi local government Zamfara state. The major reasons behind drop outs were mentioned in the findings of the paper with some little explanations on each reason. In the course of discussion, the paper reviews literature on how socio-economic status, cultural traditions and practice and religious belief from the students’ perspectives affects the education of female children; in addition, studies and researches from the previous works of scholars relating to the students’ perspectives on female students’ dropout were also analyzed and discussed throughout the paper. The study has discovered that enrolment rate of female students is still very low and still remains worrisome, where by dropouts’ rate is very high. This is further worsened by traditional system and belief pattern of gender disparity, and high incidence of early marriage of very young girls based on value system.

Key Words: Students’ perspective, female students’ dropouts, socio-economic status, cultural traditions and practice, religious belief.

Current Issue: October 2013


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