Academic Research Journal of
Agricultural Science and Research
Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research
Vol. 5(7), pp. 561-569. November, 2017.
Full Length Research
Development of Hermaphrodite Papaya (Carica papaya L.) Varieties for Production in Ethiopia
Lemma Ayele*1, Edossa Etissa1, Asmare Dagnew1, Wagayehu Assefa1, Girma Kebede1, Mekasha Girma2, Kidist Firde3, and Merkedu Ayalew1
1Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 436, Adama, Ethiopia
2Werer Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 2003, Werer, Ethiopia
3Holetta Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 6282, Holetta, Ethiopia.
*Corresponding authorís e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted 29 November 2017
Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is an important tropical fruit with many nutritional, medicinal and economic values. Despite of great potential to produce papaya and high demand of growers for improved papaya varieties, no any variety was released or registered in Ethiopia. Trials were conducted to develop and release high yielding and quality hermaphrodite papaya varieties in the country. Nine good performing hermaphrodite varieties were selected from developed pure lines for variety trial. The selected varieties were CMF078-L56, KK103-L459, CMF021-L77, KK103-L446, Lowbearing-L36, CMF021-L74, CMF019-L79, CMF008-L94 and MK121-L516. The varieties were observed in four locations. The trial was laid in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Three year data at Melkassa Agricultural Research Center was subjected to analysis with SAS computer software; and their qualitative performance were analyzed to identify outstanding varieties for verification trial. The variety release technical committee has evaluated proposed hermaphrodite varieties for verification; and three varieties such as CMF078-L56, KK103-L446 and MK121-L516 were released, from each fruit size categories (small, medium and large, respectively), as first success in history of papaya research in Ethiopia. Respective names or designations given to these varieties were Braz-HS1, Koka-HM1 and Meki-HL1. Their productivities were 64.7, 75.2 and 87.3 t/ha; and they showed 176.9%, 221.8% and 273.6% yield advantage as compared to national average (23.37 t/ha), respectively. Therefore, the three hermaphrodite papaya varieties have recommended to be produced in central rift valley and similar agro-ecologies of the country.
Key words: Hermaphrodite papaya, variety development, fruit size category, released varieties
How to cite this article: Ayele L, Etissa E, Dagnew A, Assefa W, Kebede G, Girma M, Firde K, Ayalew M (2017). Development of Hermaphrodite Papaya (Carica papaya L.) Varieties for Production in Ethiopia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 5(7): 561-569