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 Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research
 

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 4(5), pp. 184-196. September, 2016.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2016.024

 

Full Length Research

Performance evaluation of crossbred dairy cows in urban and peri-urban dairy systems of Sebeta Awas wereda, oromia, Ethiopia

 

1Dereje  Shibru  and  2Yoseph Mekasha

 

1Gambella University, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Department of Animal Science, Ethiopia

2Haramay University, P.O. Box 138 Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

1corresponding author

Dereje Shibru, E-mail shibrud@gmail.com, P.o.box 126, Gambella, Ethiopia

 

Accepted 8 September 2016

Abstract

 

The study was aimed at evaluating performance of dairy cows in urban and peri-urban dairy systems of Sebeta Awas Wereda, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. The study used stratified random sampling method to select target farms and sample respondents for the prepared questionnaire. Monitored farms were selected based on survey data collected. Hence, 15% of farms having crossbred dairy cows in mid stage of lactation (parity of 25) were purposively selected from production systems and across herd size category. Totally 18(2production systems*3 farm sizes *3 replicates) farms were monitored. The two production systems were urban and peri-urban, while the three farm sizes were, small, medium and large and each was replicated three times. Questioner survey data collected were analyzed using SPSS and monitored data using GLM of SAS. Dairy farming has been gradually expanding in the areas. Hired laborers were employed for mpst farms activities. Average crossbred dairy herd per household was 10.6+2.1 in urban and11.3+2 in peri-urban, where, proportion of cows in herd was 46.3% and proportion of milking cows accounted for 76.7% in urban and 81.2% peri-urban of their respective total cows. Stall-feeding is the common practices of farms, mostly feeding hay, straw, wheat bran, Nug cake, and brewery waste. The overall milk yield was 9.9+0.1, it was significantly higher in peri-urban than urban farms. Cows in second and third parity had significantly higher in milk yield than those in fourth and fifth parity. Though statistically insignificant the overall mean figure for respective milk compositions of protein, fat, total solids, solids-not-fat and ash contents in urban farms were higher than peri-urban farms. The overall observed productive performance of cows were good but relatively inferior performance and prominent management problems were observed in medium sized farms.

Keywords: productive, urban, peri-urban, milk yield, milk composition

 

How to cite this article: Shibru D, Mekasha Y (2016). Performance evaluation of crossbred dairy cows in urban and peri-urban dairy systems of Sebeta Awas wereda, oromia, Ethiopia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 4(5): 184-196

 

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Current Issue: September 2016

 

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Acad. Res. J. Agric. Sci. Res.

  Vol. 4 No. 5

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