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 Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research
 

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 4(3), pp. 93-104. March, 2016.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2016.010

 

Full Length Research

A review on impact of compost on soil properties, water use and crop productivity

 

Getinet Adugna

 

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research; Werer Research Center P.O Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Mobile: +251 911 39 11 24    Email: getinet03@gmail.com

 

Accepted 25 April 2016

 

Abstract

 

The review summarizes the literature and the current knowledge on the effect of compost fertilization on the soil plant system. Most of investigators confirmed that compost application could improve the physical, chemical and biological characteristics, soil organic matter, and nutrient status of the soils. All long-term compost application trials result in increased SOM concentrations. However, mature composts increase SOM much better than fresh and immature composts due to their higher level of stable carbon. In addition, due to its multiple positive effects on the physical, chemical and biological soil properties, compost contributes to the stabilization and increase of crop productivity and crop quality. Consequently, most investigators proved that compost has an equalizing effect of annual/seasonal fluctuations regarding water, air and heat balance of soils, the availability of plant nutrients and thus the final crop yields. Predominantly because of the slow release of nutrients and its availability in compost-combined fertilization schemes often show good results. Thus, for sustainable agricultural systems within small-scale farming in developing countries like Ethiopia, composting can be a good option for developing effective plant-nutrient management strategies in many situations.

Key words: Crop productivity, matured compost, soil organic matter, plant nutrients, soil physical property, soil chemical property, soil biological property

 

How to cite this article: Adugna G (2016). A review on impact of compost on soil properties, water use and crop productivity. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 4(3): 93-104.

 

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Current Issue: March 2016

 

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