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 Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research
 

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 4(4), pp. 124-133. July, 2016.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2016.012

 

Full Length Research

Feed resources and its utilization practices by smallholder farmers in Meta-Robi District, West Shewa Zone, Oromiya Regional State, Ethiopia

 

Endale Yadessa1, Abule Ebro2, Lemma Fita3 and Getnet Asefa1

 

1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research

2International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3Ambo University, Department of Animal Science, Ambo, Ethiopia

 

Accepted 25 April 2016

Abstract

 

The study was carried out in Meta Robi district, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Secondary data collection, field observation, key informants discussion and respondents interview were carried out. The district was stratified into upper, mid and lower altitudes and a total of 90 respondents (upper=30, mid=30 and lower=30) were randomly selected and individually interviewed. The result of the study revealed that, the major feed resources were natural pasture (58.9%), wheat straw (42.4%), barley straw (30%) and hay (21.1%). During the dry season, 90% of the respondents fed their animal crop residues followed by hay (55.6%) and stubble grazing (35.6%). Natural pasture was the dominant feed source during the wet season. September, October and November were classified as months when feed available relatively in excess. Feed was adequately available in the months of December, January, June, July and August whereas February, March, April and May were classified as feed shortage months. In the study district, 22.2, 37.8, 36.7, and 3.3% of the respondents fed their animals in indoor, group feeding, let to graze and tethering, respectively. Among the grazing systems, continuous grazing, deferred grazing, and zero grazing systems were practiced by 62.2, 36.7 and 1.1%, respectively. About 74.4% of the sampled households in the district did not produce improved forage mainly due to shortage of land (41.1%), shortage of forage seeds (23.3%) and lack of awareness (24.4%). Only 30, 20 and 20.6% of the respondents in upper, mid and lower altitudes manage their grazing land for better production. About 69% of the respondents in the district were transporting livestock feeds to their back yard for their livestock feeding. Feed conservation in upper, mid, lower altitudes and the study district was in the order of 96.7, 96.7, 56.7 and 83.3%, respectively. Generally, in the study district, the production, productivity, transportation, storage and utilization efficiency of the available feed were low and therefore, further research and development works should be designed to reverse the existing situation.

Key words: Feed resources, management practices, Meta-Robi

 

How to cite this article: Yadessa E, Ebro A, Fita L, Asefa G (2016). Feed resources and its utilization practices by smallholder farmers in Meta-Robi District, West Shewa Zone, Oromiya Regional State, Ethiopia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 4(4): 124-133

 

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Current Issue: July 2016

 

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