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 Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research
 

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 4(4), pp. 154-163. July, 2016.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2016.019

 

Full Length Research

The Implication of Wood-Burning Stove Efficiency for Environment, Health and CO2 emissions in the Jogo-gudedo Watershed, Ethiopia

 

Abera Assefa Biratu

 

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 436 Adama, Ethiopia

 

Accepted 5 July 2016

Abstract

 

Biomass energy is a major source of rural energy in Ethiopia. The heavy reliance on biomass energy has become a major cause of land resources degradation and a contributor to greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. Fuel wood energy consumption can be reduced with efficient stoves. This research was conducted in the Jogo-gudedo Watershed, Ethiopia aiming to evaluate the performance of stoves and investigate the Households (HHs) biomass energy source and consumption. The HH fuel wood consumption and performances of the stoves was studied using experimental measurement, controlled cooking test (CCT), questioner survey and participatory demonstration and evaluation methods. Improved energy saving stoves (IESS) with traditional open fire furnace was tasted thrice for making identical size of Injera. The results showed that all respondents use fuel wood for cooking purpose. The remaining (99%), (95%), and (11%) of respondents were use animal dung, charcoal and crop residues respectively. Improved stove Gonziye was (51%) more efficient in fire wood consumption. The CCT results indicate that41.4gram wood per kilogram dough and 2.145 tons of CO2 per stove per year was found to be saved by Gonziye in relation to traditional open fires furnace. This implies that the average savings of 149.4m3fuel wood yearly for the total HHs of the watershed. Gonziye is a benevolent to reduce per capita energy consumption, time, indoor air pollution, carbon emission and have health, environmental and biodiversity conservation merits. It contributes for and inferred as best climate smart practice.

Key words:
Improved Energy Saving Stove (IESS), Biomass energy, Fuel wood, Consumption, CO2

 

How to cite this article: Biratu AA (2016). The Implication of Wood-Burning Stove Efficiency for Environment, Health and CO2 emissions in the Jogo-gudedo Watershed, Ethiopia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 4(4): 154-163

 

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