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 Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research
 

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 4(1), pp. 9-17. January, 2016.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2015.061

 

Full Length Research

Spices Research Achievements, Challenges and Future Prospects in Ethiopia

 

Girma Hailemichael1*, Habtewold Kifelew1 and Haimanot Mitiku1

 

1Tepi National Spices Research Center, P.O. Box 34, Tepi, Ethiopia

 

Accepted 27 October 2015

Abstract

 

National spices research team of Ethiopia, with limited capacity achieved several results on germplasm enhancement, crop management, post-harvest handling and quality management on spices. Lowland spices and highland seed spices were given special research attention. Performances of most of these spices were proved promising in yield and quality. From evaluation, two black pepper, two ginger, one cardamom, one turmeric, one vanilla, three black cumin, three coriander and three fenugreek varieties had been registered or released and promoted to their respective agro ecologies. The average yield of lowland spices was proved promising as presented in table (Table 1) while yield of seed spices such as black cumin, coriander and fenugreek ranged from 1.5 to 1.7t/ha. Quality parameters were also promising except in turmeric, cardamom and vanilla that require further improvement. Studies on planting time, multiplication methods, management practices as well as harvesting and processing techniques had also been conducted and important information recommended. Multiplication and distribution of planting materials of spices had already been underway in the past for the released varieties. The devastating case of ginger bacterial wilt has also been an urgent issue in the research. However, special attention had recently been given for the use of modern tissue culture for rapid multiplication and dissemination of disease-free planting materials of elite materials of the various spices.

Key words: germplasm, collection, spices, yield, quality, evaluation, ecology, extraction, variety, accession


 

How to cite this article: Hailemichael* G, Habtewold Kifelew H, Mitiku H (2016). Spices Research Achievements, Challenges and Future Prospects in Ethiopia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 4(1): 9-17.

 

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