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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 3(10), pp. 281-288. October, 2015.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2015.057


Full Length Research

Response of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] to Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Ferralsols


Matusso, Jossias Mateus Materusse1* and Cabo, Francelina Grandet Daniel2


1African Fertilizer Agribusiness Partnerships, National Road No. 6, State No. 4, Plot No. 45, Chimoio, Mozambique

2Zambeze University, Faculty of Agrarian Science, Ulóngue-Angónia, Mozambique

*Corresponding Author. E-mail: 


Accepted 29 August 2015



A field experiment was conducted during cropping season of 2012-2013 in Angónia District, central Mozambique, to evaluate the response of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] to rates of Phosphorus fertilizers. The study was laid out as randomized complete block design with four replications. The treatments consisted of P rates of 0, 20, 40 and 60 kg P2O5 ha-1 as Single super phosphate (SSP), with 16% P2O5 content. The results showed that the plant height, the height to the 1st pod, number of pods, biomass yield, weight of 100 seeds, grain yield, number of nodules and weight of nodules were significantly affected by the treatments. The highest plant height was observed at rate of 60kg P2O5 ha-1 (76.40 cm; p=0.0015). The highest height to the insertion of 1st pod was observed with application of 20kg P2O5 ha-1 (19.35 cm; p=0.0323). The treatment of 40 kg P2O5 ha-1 presented significantly higher number of pods per plant (44.68 pods plant-1; p=0.0101). The highest weight of 100 seeds was observed with 60 kg P2O5 ha-1 (13.71 grams; p=0.0318). The highest biomass and grain yields were observed with the rate of 60 kg ha-1 P2O5 (8.92 t ha-1; p=0.0078; and4.29 t ha-1; p=0.0089, respectively). The highest number of nodules (41.35 nodules; p<0.0001) and the highest nodule weight (521.70 grams nodules; p=0.0003) were observed with the rate of 60 kg ha-1 P2O5. Thus, it should be recommended for soybean fertilization in Ferralsols under Angónia’s agro-ecological conditions.

Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill], Grain Yields, Phosphorus rates, Ferralsols


How to cite this article: Matusso JMM, Cabo FGD (2015). Response of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] to Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Ferralsols. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 3(10): 281-288.




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