Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 3(8), pp. 231-237. August, 2015.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2015.040


Full Length Research

The Performance of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) of Genotypes under Agro-Ecological Conditions of Angónia District in Central Mozambique


Matusso, Jossias Mateus Materusse1* and Faruque, Castro1.


1Zambeze University, Faculty of Agrarian Science, Ulóngue-Angónia, Mozambique

*Corresponding Author. E-mail:;  +258 825274122


Accepted 10 June 2015



In Mozambique, Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the main cash crops for small-scale farmers, but its low productivity is one of the greatest limitations to increasing the income of these families. Therefore, a field experiment was carried out at N’tengo-Umondzi Research Station (S14˚32.205' E034˚09.664') in Angónia district in two cropping seasons with the objective of evaluating the performance of four genotypes of sesame. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. The treatments were four genotypes of Sesame, namely Linde, Alua, Rama, and Nicaragua. Results revealed that the days to 50% flowering and days to beginning of capsules formation were significantly (p≤0.05) affected by treatments in both seasons. There were significant differences (p ≤ 0,05) between the treatments in relation to days to starting seed formations, height of the 1st capsule and day to beginning of maturity in both seasons. There were also significant differences (p≤0,05) between the treatments for varying number of capsules per plant, biomass yield, weight of 1000 seeds and seed yield. In both seasons, the variety Nicaragua observed a significant higher seed yield with 214,8 kg ha-1 and 241,4 kg ha-1, respectively. Significant relationships among some agronomic characteristics of sesame were also reported. The findings of this study confirm that there is potential for sesame cultivation under agro-ecological conditions of Angónia, Nicaragua being the variety that performed better in terms of yields than the other three tested varieties.

Keywords: Sesame, Genotype Performance, Angónia, Mozambique.


How to cite this article: Matusso JMM, Faruque C (2015). The Performance of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) of Genotypes under Agro-Ecological Conditions of Angónia District in Central Mozambique. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 3(8): 231-237.




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