Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research

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Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 

Vol. 3(4), pp. 76-79. April, 2015.

ISSN: 2360-7874 

 DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2015.007


Full Length Research

Effects of climate changing on food crop production system in Ghana


Fariya* Abubakari and Farida Abubakari


Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Soil Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana

*Corresponding Author’s Email:


Accepted 9 March 2015




Climate change is a threat to agriculture and food security because of the loss in food production through crop failure and increase in disease and mortality rate of livestock. One of the main elements of climate change for agriculture is the variability in rainfall and temperatures that directly impact soil moisture. This study addresses the effect of climate changing on food crop in Ghana between 2001 and 2010. Some of the crops grown by farmers in this study are cassava, soybean, maize and millet. The effect of climate changing on the yield of cassava was 13.80Mt/Ha and that of the achievable yield was 48.70Mt/Ha, average yield of soybean was 1.5Mt/Ha and its achievable yield 2.30Mt/Ha, maize average yield was 170Mt/Ha and achievable yield 6Mt/Ha and that of millet 1.3Mt/Ha and achievable yield 2Mt/Ha. The highest rainfall in the regions was recorded in 2003 12,229mm and the least in 2004 9,928mm. The types of livestock from this study include cattle, sheep, goats and poultry. There is a positive co-variation between poultry population and the rainfall 30-year average under consideration, a perfect negative significant correlation between goat population and rainfall 30-year average, a positive co-variation between sheep population and the rainfall 10-year and 30-year average and a positive co-variation between cattle population and rainfall 30-year average.

Keywords: climate changing, food production, fisheries, agriculture.


How to cite this article:  Fariya A, Farida A (2015). Effects of climate changing on food crop production system in Ghana. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res.  3(4):76-79. 




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