Academic Research Journal of
Agricultural Science and Research
Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research Vol. 2(4), pp. 63-66, August, 2014.
DOI: 10.14662/ARJASR2014.021. ISSN: 2360-7874 ©2014 Academic Research Journals
Full Length Research
Assessment of Farm Inputs Utilization and Profitability of Rice Farms in Nasarawa State of Nigeria
Oyewole, S. O., Akintola, A. L. and Ayanrinde, F. A.
1Savanna Forestry Research Station, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Samaru-Zaria. *Corresponding author’s email: firstname.lastname@example.org
2Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Accepted 6 August 2014
This study examined the
economic efficiency of rice farms in Nasarawa State. Data were
obtained from 150 rice farmers with the aid of structured
questionnaire. Stochastic frontier cost function was used in
analysing the data. From the results, the gamma estimates showed
that 95%, 99%, 96%, and 99% variation in total cost of rice
production for Nasarawa south, north, west and all zones
respectively were due to cost inefficiency in the model. The major
variables influencing total cost of rice production in Nasarawa
State were the cost of farm size, seed, labour, agro-chemicals and
rice output. The results also showed that the average economic
efficiency were 42, 35, 59, and 37 respectively. It was revealed
that Nasarawa west had the best economic efficiency. The
determinants of cost inefficiency were education, household size and
extension contact. The study recommends that production of rice in
Nasarawa State should involve an integrated and policy approach that
will promotes education among rice farmers. This is because
education was found as significant variable influencing cost
efficiency of rice farm in Nasarawa State. It can be achieved for
example through the introduction of adult literacy programmes.